Ways & How

how to cure colon cancer

how to cure colon cancer

The colon forms part of the human digestive system. It is a muscular and tube-shaped organ (about four feet long) which stores waste material. It extends from the end of the small bowel towards the rectum which is just adjacent to the anus. Like all cancers, colon cancer is dangerous. The cancer cells easily overwhelm healthy cells, organs, and tissues by invading their space and taking their nutrients and oxygen. At this point, it is not too late yet to study how to cure colon cancer. In particular, while the right side of the colon is responsible for the absorption of water and electrolytes, the left side does the storage of waste material and stool evacuation. Colon cancer usually develops in the colon’s inner wall. Eventually, the rectum will be affected which is the reason why the disorder is also referred to as colorectal cancer. In the U.S., at least 1 out of 17 individuals will develop colon cancer. The National Cancer Institute reported that this disease is the third most common cancer experienced by white American men and American-African women. To properly address this threatening illness, let us identify the most relevant medical procedures:

  1. Surgery.



    People with localized colon cancer preferred surgical removal of the malignant mass with the hope that it will not metastasize to the nearby tissues and other vital organs of the body. If there are few metastases in the lungs and liver, the same may also be removed. The operation is performed either laparoscopically or via a laparotomy. In some cases, particularly when the mass is large, chemotherapy is performed first to reduce the tumor’s size before the surgery.

    Ostomy is another surgical procedure which re-routes the waste material outside the patient’s body, usually into a colostomy bag. This allows that infected area to heal faster while preventing further infection to the colon and rectum. This procedure can either be temporary or permanent.

  2. Chemotherapy. This treatment is administered before surgery to reduce the tumor’s size and/or after surgery to kill the remaining malignant cells in the colon. Chemotherapy is appropriate for stages 2, 3 and 4 colorectal cancers. Literally, the patient is treated using chemicals called chemo drugs. If the cancer cells have entered the patient’s lymph nodes, using Capecitabine or Fluorouracil in addition to the chemo drugs can increase life expectancy to 15 percent. However, it is unfortunate that good cells are also destroyed during the process.

  3. Radiation therapy. Other than chemotherapy, radiation is often resorted to when there is a need to shrink the colon tumor before a surgical operation. In this process, high-powered energy sources are directed to the tumor mass. This treatment does not affect the non-cancerous cells surrounding the malignant tumor.

  4. Drug therapy. Taking medications can help in relieving the effects of colon cancer. Currently, Bevacizumab (Avastin), Panitumumab (Vectibix), and Cetuximab (Erbitux) are the only drugs available which are designed to destroy cancer cells and prevent them from metastasizing. These medicines, with the doctor’s prescription of course, can be administered at home even if the patient is presently undergoing chemotherapy sessions.

  5. Palliative care. People with advanced stages of colon cancer may still undergo palliative treatment (non-curative). Even if the colon cancer is incurable, the patient’s quality of life may be improved through surgical removal of the tumor, a stent replacement or bypassing a portion of the intestines. These measures can reduce possible complications such as bleeding, intestinal obstruction, and abdominal pain.

  6. Colon cancer diet. According to Roberta Anding, MS, RD, spokesperson for the American Dietetic Association and a dietitian at Texas Children's Hospital in Houston, "Diets low in folic acid may increase the risk of developing colon cancer, and also have accelerated growth in those who already have colon cancer." Therefore, people with colon cancer should ingest at least five servings daily of foods enriched with folic acids such as green vegetables, whole-grain cereals, berries, and mangoes. Also, taking 1,200 to 1,500 milligrams of dairy products (low-fat) daily can greatly improve colon health.

Preventing the occurrence of cancer is the goal. Hence, whenever defective genes associated with colorectal cancer are identified, other members of the family may also be examined if they too carry the same genes. Individuals found to have such genes are at a high risk of developing a colon disorder. According to Dr. Jay W. Marks in emedicinehealth.com, “If an individual is found to have the defective gene, his or her colon can be removed before the cancer occurs.” Nevertheless, when a malignant tumor is found to exist, the above-identified measures on how to cure colon cancer should help.

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