Ways & How

how to cure meningitis

how to cure meningitis

Meningitis occurs when the membranes, called meninges, surrounding the spinal cord and brain are inflamed. Once an infection spreads through the cerebrospinal fluid which circulates in the spinal cord and around the brain, meningitis can happen. Many are interested to learn how to cure meningitis since anyone can experience this disorder at any age. The two common types of meningitis are; bacterial meningitis (caused by bacteria or fungi) and viral meningitis (cause by viruses). Other cases of meningitis result from a reaction to medicine, cancer, head injury, and other chronic diseases. Common symptoms of meningitis include: lethargy, fever, sore throat, confusion, neck stiffness, and vomiting. Note that bacterial meningitis can affect children at age two or younger since they are not immune to the disorder yet. Kids afflicted with the disease are neither energetic nor enthusiastic. Let us discuss important medical factors in treating meningitis:

  1. Know the nature of meningitis. Before you can address any disorder, you must know its nature first.

    On one hand, viral meningitis is caused by enteroviruses which are common during early fall and summer. Since these viruses can be transferred through contact with feces, mucus, or saliva, that doesn’t mean, though, that people have to share an ice cream or kiss each other to catch the virus. These viruses can spread when people sneeze without covering their mouth or when they touch surfaces that others have also touched. When infected, the viruses will multiply first in the digestive tract before they spread to the other parts of the body.

    On the other hand, bacterial meningitis is a more serious type of infection primarily caused by bacteria called Streptococcus pneumonia and Neisseria meningitides. Both bacteria usually occur in a person’s teens. The infection is spread through the throat by kissing and coughing. If left untreated, the infection can lead to brain damage and death. The other form of bacterial meningitis is associated with Lyme disease. Generally, Lyme meningitis is less severe and not fatal.

  2. Get a vaccine. This is recommended for children, which means it should form part of their vaccination schemes. Since the early 1980’s, many countries have administered children immunization against Haemophilus influenzae (type B). Immunization against mumps also decreased the rate of mumps meningitis.

    Another method of prevention is the short-term antibiotic prophylaxis. This measure is effective against meningococcal meningitis. Usually, prophylactic treatment is given along with antibiotics such as Ceftriaxone, Rifampicin, or Ciprofloxacin. Although the treatment cannot protect the patient from future infections, the risk of contracting the illness is reduced.

  3. Undergo lumbar puncture. Proper medical examinations are needed to diagnose meningitis, one of which is a lumbar puncture or spinal tap. A local anesthesia is injected at the patient’s lower back. Thereafter, a long needle is injected into the dural sac to get cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the spinal canal. The initial appearance of the CFS may indicate an infection.

    The fluid withdrawn will be subjected to further lab tests to identify any sign of viral or bacterial meningitis. The CFS’s “opening pressure” is measured by a manometer. The normal pressure level is anywhere between 6 to 18 centimeters water (cmH2O). When the pressure level is above the centimeter water reading, there must be a bacterial infection.

  4. Administer Benzylpenicillin. Since meningitis is a serious case, treatment should not be delayed even while waiting for the results of confirmatory tests. This is true in the case of meningococcal illnesses which require the administration of Benzylpenicillin before the patient is brought to the hospital. Given that the disease can cause serious complications, the patient should be placed in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU).

  5. Administer empiric antibiotics. This is a pre-treatment given to the patient while waiting for the results of the CFS analysis in item No. 3. The treatment may consist of third-generation Cephalosporins like Ceftriaxone or Cefotaxime. This is the combination procedure adopted in United Kingdom. In the U.S., however, Vancomycin is added to the treatment

    Empirical treatment is chosen on the basis of age, whether the patient has been subjected to a neurosurgical procedure, whether the disorder was preceded by a head injury, and whether there is a cerebral shunt. For example, adding Ampicillin is suggested to cover Listeria monocytogenes in young children, those over 50 years of age, and patients and those individuals who are immuno-compromised.

Meningitis is a fatal disorder. Just like any other chronic illness, treatment should begin as soon as symptoms are spotted. The quicker you start the medication, the less chance there is of any complication to other parts of the body. Due to the life-threatening effects of this disease, many are interested to learn how to cure meningitis effectively. In the event a symptom is noticed, refer immediately to the tips discussed above.


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