Ways & How

How to Grow Chili Peppers

How to Grow Chili Peppers

The hot flavor from chili peppers is from a chemical that stimulates the mucous membranes. The heat level depends on the variety of the chili pepper. It has become competition among chili pepper growers to breed the hottest chili pepper that can break the champion chili pepper that holds the world record for having the highest chili heat. You don’t need to join this competition; the joy of growing your own fiery fruits is enough. Here is the process on how to grow chili peppers.

  1. Prepare

    Decide on which variety of chili pepper to plant. For beginners, there are varieties that guarantee chili pods and produce fruit quickly. Buy seeds online or from your local nursery. You can also buy a ripe pepper, slice it open, and also plant those seeds. You can use something as simple as a plastic box with drainage holes at the bottom or a pot. Chili plants like the heat so the temperature must be warm enough but not too hot. If the weather gets very hot, plant in a location that provides afternoon shade. You can grow chilies indoors as well.


  2. Plant

    Chilies can be bought as seedlings, but they are very vulnerable when young. They don’t like being transplanted, so it may be better to plant seeds. Put several chili seeds just below the prepared soil. Many seeds increase the chances of one of them taking root. Just snip off the unhealthy seedlings and retain a healthy plant per pot. For those who like the challenge of transplanting, water the seedlings before transplanting, and try not to disturb the roots too much.

  3. Grow

    Those who garden can enjoy chili plants because these plants are low maintenance. They do not need special treatment. Fertilize the soil from time to time, and make sure it has potassium. Make sure that the plant is well watered, and the container has drainage capability. In time, the plant will be laden with many fruit that the branches can snap off. Give some support for the branches or just prune off the branch. You can support the whole plant with a stake, especially since the chili pepper’s roots are shallow and not quite strong.

    The heat from the chilies prevents them from being beset by pests, which makes them more attractive to growers. If you notice that they’re having problems growing, then the soil is not fertile. As an example, too much nitrogen in the soil will result in the plant growing soft leaves and not producing fruit. Another problem that might present to a chili pepper grower is the presence of root knot nematodes. These cause the plant to wilt and are another sign that the soil is not ideal for growing chili peppers.

  4. Harvest

    In a short time, your chili plant will flower and bear fruit. The duration depends on the variety of the pepper as well as the temperature of the soil and surroundings. The fruit can be harvested when they are still green and have reached full size. You can also wait for when they are ripe and a yellow or red color. Even better, you can leave them to dry on the branch before picking them. Cut at the stem or pull off the fruit in an upward direction.

Your learning how to grow chili peppers has borne fruit, and you can store that fruit in different ways. If you picked the fruit while it’s red, yellow, or green and plump, store them in a sealed bag in your refrigerator to last for a week. You can also dry them out if they aren’t already dry.


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