Ways & How

how to know if you have AIDS

how to know if you have AIDS

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or what is commonly known as AIDS, is one of the most life threatening health risks, especially because people don’t have access to treatment. Approximately 31.4 to 35.3 million AIDS patients die every year. Being able to detect the virus early may mean saving your life. With this, it is very important to be well-informed on how to know if you have AIDS. If you break the word AIDS down, you will further know what it is all about. When we say acquired, it simply means that this disease develops because of a disease causing agent, which is HIV in this case. Immunodeficiency means that the symptoms of the disease are characterized by the weakening of the immune system. Lastly, the word syndrome means that the totality of the disease process is caused and characterized by a group of symptoms. In this case, it is the different organ failure caused by the decrease of blood cells called CD4 and T cells. CD4 cells and T cells are very important cells as they are the greatest line of defense of the immune system. The main problem with AIDS is that the HIV targets these cells and turns them into a virus factory and spreads the virus even more while destroying the immune system, which can’t fight back.

hat is the reason why HIV and AIDS can be a very dangerous disease. Here are some ways on how to check if someone is positive for AIDS.

  1. Since HIV is the main and only cause of AIDS, the first thing that you have to do is to have yourself screened for HIV. Some of the tests that are available are: HIV Antibody Test, Antigen Test, P24 Test and Fourth Generation Test. Keep in mind that if you are HIV positive, it doesn’t mean that you also have AIDS. The advanced stage of HIV infection is the point wherein your immune system has been damaged massively that gives way for AIDS to develop. If you are HIV positive, there are still a few conditions to consider, which will be discussed.

  2. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or CDC, a positive HIV patient can be identified as an AIDS patient if he or she has one or both of these: First is that the patient has or will develop at least one infection that is said to be opportunistic. The second is that the patient’s CD4 cell count is 200 cells or less. The normal range for CD4 count should be between 600 to 1,500 cells.

  3. The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared four stages of the evolution of HIV to AIDS. The last stage is where the indicators of AIDS show up. Some are toxoplasmosis of the brain (a parasitic disease), candidiasis of the esophageal linings, trachea down to the lungs, and Kaposi’s sarcoma.

  4. It is also good to take note of unexplained issues that an HIV positive patient might have. Some to watch out are recurrent upper respiratory tract infections, chronic diarrhea, and pulmonary tuberculosis.

AIDS can be prevented but can never be cured. Prevention like having protected sex is still the most effective way to reduce the risk of getting HIV and AIDS. Ignorance excuses no one, so you must learn how to take care of your body and should be aware of risky behaviors. And of course, the most important is learning how to know if you have AIDS.


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