Ways & How

How to Make Organic Compost at Home

How to Make Organic Compost at Home

Composting is a way of breaking down food wastes in order to make compost, which is beneficial for keeping your soil healthy so that plants will grow from it. Instead of throwing away food scraps, you can include them in an organic compost pile so that they can still be used as natural fertilizers for the soil. Moreover, composting is generally beneficial for the environment because it keeps food wastes away from landfills where they release greenhouse gases that emit harmful radiation into the atmosphere. If you want to learn how to make organic compost at home, here are the steps:

  1. Determine the materials that can be included in your organic compost. Not all food wastes can go into the compost pile. Here are some examples of the common materials that you can use for your organic compost:

    A: Fruit and vegetable scraps

    B: Leaves

    C: Eggshells

    D: Garden plants and grass

    E: Garden weeds

    F: Hay or straw

    G: Pine needles

    H: Flowers

    I: Coffee grounds

    J: Chicken manure

    K: Shredded paper and newspapers

    L: Corn cobs

    M: Wood chips

  2. On the other hand, avoid including the following since they can attract pests and can spread easily in the compost, rendering it useless:

    A: Meat

    B: Bones

    C: Fish scraps

    D: Perennial weeds

    E: Diseased plants

    F: Pet manures

    G: Fruit peels

  3. Start making your compost pile in the earth itself.

    There is no need to put it in some sort of container, although a compost bin by the garden can be very helpful while you are still gathering materials. Once you have all the materials you need, dig a shallow hole and set the compost pile in the earth to let worms and other beneficial microorganisms go to work on it.

  4. If you have twigs and straw in your compost pile, you should put them in the compost pit first, making sure that they are buried a few inches deep into the earth. These twigs will help in ventilating and draining the compost pile.

  5. When adding compost materials, make sure that you do it in layers and that you alternate the dry and moist materials. The dry ones are leaves, sawdust pellets, and straw. The moist materials are seaweed, tea bags, and food scraps.

  6. After adding the dry and moist materials in layers, you can then add the manure and the grass and other plants. These ingredients emit nitrogen into the soil, speeding up the process of decomposition in the compost pile.

  7. Always keep the compost moist. This will be no problem during the rainy season since rainwater will do the job. However, during the dry season, make sure that you water your organic compost, just like any other plant that you take care of.

  8. You can help retain moisture in the compost pit by covering it with anything, such as wood, carpet scraps, or even plastic sheets. This can also serve as protection from too much rainwater during the wet season. Keep the covering moist but not soaked.

  9. To aerate the compost pile, make sure that you turn the pile every few weeks using a shovel or pitchfork. Composting is largely aided by oxygen, and turning the pile every now and then can help add oxygen to speed up the composting process. You may also choose to add new materials later on. Don’t worry about layering the materials since you can simply mix them together with the rest of the pile.

Learning how to make organic compost at home is very easy because you can use a wide variety of materials in order to complete your organic compost. You no longer need to buy a rotating compost tumbler just to make organic compost. You’ll be able to save money and, at the same time, help your environment by making homemade organic compost.


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