Ways & How

how to prevent HIV/AIDS

how to prevent HIV/AIDS

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or AIDS is the end result of Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV infection. When a person comes into contact with infected human fluids, such as vaginal secretions, blood, semen or breast milk, the virus is automatically transferred. The disease has no known cure, although its progression can be slowed down using antiviral medications. Since there is no cure for this chronic disease, the focus now is shifted on how to prevent HIV/AIDS. Too many people are taking for granted the necessity of preventing the spread of HIV and AIDS. Perhaps this is due to lack of awareness on how to forestall the transmission of this immune system disorder. The discussions below can serve as a useful guide in preventing the occurrence of HIV and AIDS.

  1. Knowledge about HIV/AIDS. Everyone should have basic knowledge about the virus. Learning how the virus can be acquired or transmitted is very important. Equally, sufficient knowledge about the tests that detect the existence of the virus is helpful.

  2. Sex abstinence. HIV/AIDS are acquired or transmitted through all forms of sexual intercourse, whether vaginal, anal or oral. Vaginal and semen secretions that contain HIV can easily be passed on sexually. Therefore, abstinence from sex is an effective measure in reducing the risk of HIV/AIDS infection.

  3. Know your partner’s sexual history. If sex becomes tempting, knowing the sexual history of your partner will allow you to decide whether or not to continue with the sexual activity, or engage into sexual intercourse with or without protection. This a simple practice of safe sex, which can prevent the proliferation of HIV infection.

  4. Use latex condoms. Human secretions produced during sexual intercourse, like pre-ejaculated semen, semen and vaginal secretions, are known carriers of HIV/AIDS. Thus, using a durable condom is a safe sex practice that can decrease the risk of transmitting or acquiring the virus. Latex condoms are more effective than spermicidal condoms or those made of lambskin.

  5. Avoid oral sex. Infected fluids in the mouth, other than saliva, are carriers of the HIV virus. The virus can enter through mouth sores, or the mouth sores can be the source of fluid secretions that can be transmitted to the unsuspecting oral sex partner. In the same manner, the semen that carries HIV can also be transmitted through oral sex.

  6. Never share a syringe. Drug addicts have the tendency to share syringes and needles with other drug users during intake sessions. Once a used syringe is shared, the infected traces of blood left on the needle are then transmitted to another person. Thus, avoid using intravenous illegal drugs and do not share syringes and needles with other people.

  7. Be extra cautious about blood transfusions. Blood transfusion is another mode of HIV/AIDS transmission. Before blood is transfused to a patient, the blood should undergo stringent screening procedures first to reveal possible contamination. Remember, HIV thrives in human blood.

  8. Avoid pregnancy and breastfeeding. This is true in women afflicted with HIV/AIDS. If an infected woman becomes pregnant, her child can possibly contract the same disease while still in the uterus or upon birth. A number of children contract the virus because their HIV-positive mothers breastfeed them. Logically, before getting pregnant, it is advisable for a woman to be tested for the HIV or AIDS infection.

A cure is not an option when dealing with HIV and AIDS. The most appropriate thing to do is to learn how to prevent HIV AIDS from occurring. Individuals already infected must likewise learn how to prevent the spread of the virus. Preventing the acquisition of the virus is almost the same as preventing its spread. The tips identified above are not hard to follow. The only requirements are awareness and self-discipline.


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