How to Stop Abnormal Menstrual Bleeding

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How to Stop Abnormal Menstrual Bleeding

Abnormal menstrual bleeding can be defined as excessive or heavy bleeding during menstruation or even in between menses. A woman with a normal menstrual bleeding pattern would usually pass around 40 milliliters of blood per period, which lasts for 4-7 days. Bleeding over 80 ml per period or for more than 8 days can constitute abnormal menstrual bleeding. This is commonly accompanied by fatigue and severe menstrual cramps in the lower abdomen. When you are diagnosed with abnormal menstrual bleeding, your doctor will prescribe some treatments to help control it and to avoid excessive blood loss. Here are some of the ways on how to stop abnormal menstrual bleeding:

  1. Take iron supplements. One of the possible complications of abnormal menstrual bleeding is anemia or low red blood cell count. In order to avoid this, your doctor might instruct you to take iron supplements on a regular basis. Even if you are not yet anemic, iron supplements may still be prescribed to you to cure your iron deficiency and to prevent anemia from occurring.

  2. Take drugs that control abnormal menstrual bleeding. Some of the medications that a doctor might prescribe include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs, which reduce blood loss and relieve menstrual cramps. Examples of NSAIDS include naproxen and ibuprofen. The doctor might also recommend oral contraceptives, since they can help regulate menstrual cycles and shift them back to normal. Hormonal therapy, such as taking oral progesterone, produces the same effect. However, if you are already undergoing hormonal therapy and this happens to be the cause of your abnormal menstrual bleeding, your doctor might stop or change your medication.

  3. Undergo dilatation and curettage. Also known as D&C, dilatation and curettage is a procedure involving the dilation of the cervix in order to scrape away the lining of the uterus and thereby reduce menstrual bleeding. While this is often successful, multiple D&Cs may be needed if excessive menstrual bleeding recurs.

  4. Undergo endometrial ablation. This procedure permanently destroys the lining of the uterus in order to prevent menstrual bleeding. However, it has some serious side effects, such as the little or no menstrual bleeding and a significant reduction of your chances to become pregnant. If you are trying to conceive a child, talk to your doctor about other options.

  5. Undergo operative hysteroscopy. For abnormal menstrual bleeding caused by polyps, an operative hysteroscopy will be necessary to remove them. A tiny, illuminated tube known as a hysteroscope will be inserted into the uterus to view the uterine cavity and help in the removal of polyps.

  6. Undergo a hysterectomy. Hysterectomy is the removal of the whole cervix and uterus. However, take note that this is a drastic measure and usually done as a last resort, since it causes not only total cessation of menstruation but also sterility.

  7. Get plenty of rest. While this may not stop abnormal menstrual bleeding, it is important to get adequate rest as a precautionary measure. Since you are losing a lot of blood, you might feel dizzy and nauseous at times, so avoid anything that requires a lot of physical exertion.

  8. Avoid aspirin. Aspirin has anticoagulant properties, meaning it stops blood from clotting and may contribute to excessive bleeding. If you need to take aspirin for some condition, ask your doctor to prescribe a different medication that does not cause bleeding.

  9. Maintain a healthy weight. According to studies, women who are either overweight or underweight commonly have problems with abnormal menstrual bleeding. Eat a well-balanced meal and eat foods high in iron.

  10. Practice relaxation exercises. Stress is one of the possible causes of abnormal menstrual bleeding. While you cannot avoid stress, you can learn to cope with it in a healthy manner by practicing meditation and relaxation techniques.

If you have excessive menstrual bleeding problems, learning how to stop abnormal menstrual bleeding can help you manage your condition and prevent complications, such as iron-deficiency anemia and severe dysmenorrhea.

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