Ways & How

how to treat a tick bite

how to treat a tick bite

If you love outdoor activities, such as hiking and camping in bushy and grassy areas, you should know how to treat a tick bite. You never know when ones of these small, blood-hungry insects are waiting around for their next meal. Tick bites can be very unpleasant. You might not even notice a tick is already attached to your skin until you feel the swelling pain from its bite. A tick might appear small and but its bite can be dangerous. These tiny insect bites can cause infections, allergic reaction and even Lyme disease. What are ticks anyway? Ticks are insects that survive on sucking blood from animals and human for food. Ticks can be found in humid and bushy places. Mostly they can be found in the woods but they can also dwell in households. Common symptoms of a tick bite are itchiness, swelling and a slight pain in the bitten area. You should also watch out for fever, headache, muscle weakness or chills. Call your doctor right away for proper treatment if you experience these symptoms. These are serious symptoms that need to be addressed right away. But you can still do initial treatment.

Here are ways on how to do it.

  1. Just like any bite, the general rule is not to scratch it. Scratching can lead to infection. It can also make the swelling worse. A tick bite might be itchy but find the strength to not make the bitten area worse.

  2. To keep the swelling down, apply a cold compress to the area, such as ice or frozen peas. Apply directly in the area for 10 to 15 minutes or as needed. This will also numb the skin and temporarily remove any discomfort from the bite.

  3. If the tick is still in your skin, remove it properly. Do not in any way squeeze or touch the tick. There are proper ways to do this.

  4. Apply skin protectant if you wish. Those with zinc oxide and calamine are the most commonly used. This will soothe the area and can also minimize infection.

  5. Seek medical help. Medical professionals typically prescribe antibiotics to treat any infections. Depending on the reaction of your body other treatments might be necessary. If you are allergic to the bite, you might need an antihistamine as well.

Prevention is better than cure. Avoid the pain and discomfort of treating a tick bite by preventing tick bites in the first place. Avoid places that might be tick infested. If you have to go, be mindful of how you dress. Wear proper clothing – long pants, a long-sleeved shirt and a scarf around your neck. A hat is a good idea to prevent ticks from straying into your hair. Use an insect repellent that contains DEET on your skin and even on your clothes. For children, check the label to be sure it can be safely used on young ones. Afterward, it’s best to take a shower to remove the repellant from your skin. Keep your surroundings clean, especially during the humid periods. Keep your grasses trimmed and your yard clean from leaves and branches. Ticks love shady, bushy and moist surroundings, so avoid these. If despite all your precautions you still discover a tick bite, stay calm and be ready to apply your knowledge of how to treat a tick bite.


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