Ways & How

how to treat an enlarged heart

how to treat an enlarged heart

According to betterhealth.vic.gov.au, an enlarged heart or cardiomegaly “is a symptom of an underlying disorder that is causing the heart to work harder than normal.” Essentially, it is not an illness, but merely a symptom of another health condition. Possible symptoms of cardiomegaly include shortness of breath, dizziness, arrhythmia or irregular heartbeat and heart palpitations. In some cases, an enlarged heart is asymptomatic or may show no symptoms at all. These days, many people have asked how to treat an enlarged heart. Possible causes include high blood pressure, idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, cardiac ischemia, myocarditis, coronary heart disease and heart valve disease. As mentioned on mayoclinic.com, a person can temporarily develop cardiomegaly because of bodily stress during pregnancy. Medical conditions like coronary artery disease and abnormal heart rhythms are also considered potential causes of heart enlargement. Here are the important factors to remember in treating an enlarged heart.

  1. Know when to visit a doctor.

    strong> Cardiomegaly is much easier to address when the symptoms are detected early. In the event you notice or feel changes concerning your heart's health, such as chest pain and fainting, see a doctor right away. There are times that the heart simply becomes weak for no reason at all. That is why some people are more concerned with the steps that can reduce the risk of cardiomegaly. Even if they don’t have an enlarged heart, they prefer to discuss the matter with their doctor.

  2. Develop a healthy lifestyle. Livestrong.com emphasized that part of the plan may be lifestyle changes, such as smoking cessation, weight reduction, regular exercise, limiting alcohol intake and sleeping at least eight hours a day. Switching to a low-fat and low-salt diet is very important. While you monitor your blood pressure, it also wise to weight yourself every now and then so you will know your fluid retention, which can rapidly increase your weight.

  3. Take the prescribed medicines. Doctors may prescribe the use of drug families, such as angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), beta blockers, diuretics and digoxin. The ACE, ARBs and digoxin assist the heart in pumping better while they lower the blood pressure. While beta blockers manage to enhance the proper functioning of the heart, diuretics reduce the sodium and water content of the body so that no further damage may occur to the heart and arteries.

  4. Undergo a pacemaker implant. If arrhythmia is the cause of your cardiomegaly, this transplant, also called the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), is recommended. Since arrhythmia can cause swelling on your heart due to an irregular heartbeat, a small mechanical pacemaker must be implanted surgically in order to regulate the heart’s activity as well as the heart’s contractions. Once the rhythm is adjusted, the size of the enlarged heart will also be reduced.

    An ICD is a tiny electrical impulse generator, powered by a battery, implanted in a patient who is at risk of cardiac death because of ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation. The main function of the device is to detect cardiac arrhythmia and correct it by supplying a shock of electricity.

  5. Undergo heart transplant surgery. MedlinePlus at nlm.nih.gov defines heart transplant as a surgical operation “to remove a damaged or diseased heart and replace it with a healthy donor heart.” The healthy heart must come from a brain-dead donor who is still on life-support. To ensure the success of the transplant, the donated heart must be compatible with the recipient’s tissue type. Otherwise, the recipient’s body will just reject it.

The treatment plan to be administered depends on your current condition. Other than what we talked about above, there are still other medical remedies available on how to treat an enlarged heart. The most important thing to remember when undergoing treatment is to maintain a healthy lifestyle and a positive outlook on life.


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