Ways & How

how to treat kidney cancer

how to treat kidney cancer

Have you ever experienced having blood in your urine every time you urinate? Are there any lumps in your abdomen? Do you feel tired, sick, and no appetite for eating? Are you experiencing a sudden weight loss? These are the common signs and symptoms of kidney cancer. Fortunately, there are medical procedures on how to treat kidney cancer which you can undergo. Kidney cancer is medically termed as renal cell carcinoma (RCC) or urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC). Kidney cancer develops due to risks caused by the following: excessive smoking, exposure to toxic particles, family history, obesity, kidney diseases other than cancer, previous treatment for cervical and testicular cancers, and hepatitis C. In treating kidney cancer, there are several factors considered such as the stage or extent of the disorder, patient’s age and present health condition, and whether or not the cancer cells have metastasized to other vital organs in the body. Read on below for the different treatment procedures:

  1. Consult a doctor.

    /strong>A urologist is a kind of medical doctor that specializes in all kinds of kidney ailments. During the visit, the doctor will ask details about the symptoms experienced, patient’s medical family history, and previous exposure to kidney cancer risk factors. Then a physical examination may be conducted to check for lump formations in the abdominal area. Thereafter, the doctor will recommend further confirmatory tests.

  2. Undergo a urine test. The urine test will confirm whether or not traces of blood are present in the urine. Once blood is found, there is a possibility that a tumor is starting to develop in the kidney. To have a clear picture of the patient’s kidney, the doctor may recommend some more tests such as Computerized Tomography scan or Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

  3. Submit for a surgical procedure. After verifying the presence of a tumor in the kidney, surgery follows. The procedure can either be a radical nephrectomy (removal of the kidneys, adrenal glands, lymph nodes and surrounding tissues), simple nephrectomy (removal of just one kidney), or a partial nephrectomy (removal of the tumor found in the kidney).

  4. Arterial embolization. This medical procedure is a localized kidney cancer treatment. In this procedure, a narrow tube, called a catheter, is inserted into the blood vessel. A substance that would block the blood flow is then injected into the catheter thus cutting the oxygen supply to the tumor thereby preventing its growth. Ultimately, the kidney tumor shrinks.

  5. Submit to chemotherapy. In this procedure, chemicals called chemo drugs are administered to the patient either orally or by intravenous (IV) methods. The extent of the drug dosage is dependent on the stage of the cancer cells. The therapy is divided into sessions. After one session, every the patient is allowed to recover before the next session is given. Unfortunately, the drugs administered kill not only the cancer cells in the kidney but also the good cells around it.

  6. Radiation therapy. This medical procedure may be used before or after the surgery procedure. Before surgery, radiation therapy may be used to make the tumor shrink in size. After surgery, radiation therapy may be used to kill the remaining cancer cells in the kidney. The advantage of this therapy is that only the cancer cells are killed without damaging other good cells.

  7. Biological therapy. This treatment seeks to strengthen the immune system of the patient in order to fight cancer cells. A strong immune system is capable of resisting further infections. A substance called Interferon alpha or Interleukin-2 is injected into the bloodstream which eventually helps in eliminating cancer cells throughout the body.

  8. Live a healthy lifestyle. Have a healthy diet full of fresh fruits and vegetables. Eat fruits rich in antioxidants such as grape seed, wild blueberries, pinto beans, blackberries, Gala apples, and sweet cherries. Quit smoking and avoid secondhand smoke. Limit alcohol intake, exercise daily, and live a stress-free life.

Like all cancers, kidney cancer is not life-threatening. Individuals affected with it must remain hopeful. Any or a combination of the medical procedures above on how to treat kidney cancer must be applied. Besides, life must go on normally even during treatment. Watch movies, relax as much as possible, and stay happy.


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